[Lesen] ➲ Philology: The Forgotten Origins of the Modern Humanities (The William G. Bowen Series) Nach James Turner – Paydayloansnsi.co.uk

Philology: The Forgotten Origins of the Modern Humanities (The William G. Bowen Series) Thank you James Turner for this magnificent synthesis of dozens and dozens of writers and writings from antiquity to the 19th c I had heard of about half the names and read bits and pieces of a few of the writers of antiquity through the Middle Ages covered by Turner He puts them in context and creates a coherent viewpoint for understanding their evolution For me, the facts were not particularly new, but I had never understood the development process which they constituted It s like a cryptographer s key to converting a jumble of words into a readable message I can t thank you enough for having communicated it to me Many Today Do Not Recognize The Word, But Philology Was For Centuries Nearly Synonymous With Humanistic Intellectual Life, Encompassing Not Only The Study Of Greek And Roman Literature And The Bible But Also All Other Studies Of Language And Literature, As Well As History, Culture, Art, And In Short, Philology Was The Queen Of The Human Sciences How Did It Become Little Than An Archaic Word In Philology, The First History Of Western Humanistic Learning As A Connected Whole Ever Published In English, James Turner Tells The Fascinating, Forgotten Story Of How The Study Of Languages And Texts Led To The Modern Humanities And The Modern University The Humanities Today Face A Crisis Of Relevance, If Not Of Meaning And Purpose Understanding Their Common Origins And What They Still Share Has Never Been Urgent This is a scholarly book, with a great many notes and an extensive bibliography This has long been a problem with Kindle ereaders The subscripted numbers indicating notes might be linked to the Notes section, but clicking one jumps you to the note, resets your farthest page read, and prevents you from jumping back to your place in the text.As I was reading this ebook, an update occurred, either of the book or the ereader or both, implementing a new feature called Page Flip, which addresses this problem Clicking the center of your page takes you to a multi page view of your book You can scroll forward or backward through the pages, or click a link to take you to a note A thumbnail of your current page remains in the corner, so that you can return to the page you were reading at any time There is also an icon that switches you to a nine page view of the book, so that you can scroll rapidly, looking for a figure or a heading.Page Flip is an excellent feature that I hope becomes prevalent The only other ebooks I ve found in my library that support it are a King James Bible and Gibbon s Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, both of which are prime candidates for it.My description here and the extremely poor photos are of the Page Flip feature on the Android version of the Kindle ereader It works on the Kindle Paperwhite also, but not on the Windows 10 version of the app which doesn t surprise me. There is philology and then there is philology The meaning of the word philology most people is familiar with is its reference to the study of words as oppose to its reference to the historical background of the development of a whole variety of disciplines in the humanities As a general orientation to this historical background I found Philology The Forgotten Origins of Modern Humanists very informative and helpful C Dickson Dr Turner has attempted a difficult task and performed it with admiration, which is another way of saying this is a wonderful book His task is difficult, because what he essentially doing in this book is tracing the development of textual criticism, textual analysis, and textual study and those things related to it especially in the field of literature and biblical criticism and it s impact on the growth of the various disciplines that we now know today as the Humanities, a term in much disrepute The book is essentially a history of the development of the Humanities as a discipline but in depth not a broad overview as some before have done One of the reasons such a book has not been written is revealed by looking at the number of the fields the author covers linguistics, language, poetry, historical science, natural science, and especially, biblical criticism The amount of literature in each field is enormous reflecting both the fragmenting and bifurcation of knowledge in the humanistic disciplines James Turner, admirably, has tried to tie the whole story together with a great deal of success.The first two chapters deal with Greek antiquity and the Renaissance and the development in textual scholarship that occurred during these periods The hardest for us moderns perhaps to understand is the attitude of the Early Church and medieval Church to biblical texts very deeply colored by the desire to preserve texts because of doctrinal reasons and theological controversies These factors, as Turner shows, influenced the way texts were preserved up and through the Renaissance and Reformation and these attitudes were carried over into the theological controversies of the Reformation The amount of work in these areas alone is staggering, and the need for compression means that much important detail is left out In a work of this size and scope, and with a bibliography as good as Dr Turner s the reader can go his her own way so to speak The individual biographies of Jerome J.N.D Kelly and Origen Crouzel, Henri, 1989 and Peter Brown s Biography of Augustine would help the reader For the textual history of the New Testament, the authority is Kurt Barbara Aland, The Text of the New Testament 1983 which has a very interesting section on the philological history of biblical criticism Bruce Metzger is also a recognized authority A new Cambridge History of the Bible New edition 2012 has just come out, and features new chapters on biblical criticism Turner also lists the work of Peter Harrison and several others in his bibliography I would single out one other work Jonathan Sheehan The Enlightenment Bible Princeton, 2005 which I think is also listed A fascinating philological read of Enlightenment textual philology.Turner then goes on to cover the real birth of philology at the Renaissance and it s impact on textual scholarship Here, Anthony Grafton is outstanding in his numerous contributions Chapter 7 is of most interest at least to me as it covers the modern foundations of archaeology and history as it related to philology in Germany This was deeply entangled with the religious problems of the period, as was the development of philology in England and it s ramifications on the Church of England and biblical criticism in general.The rest of the book details how various disciplines developed how they utilized philology who were the major figures and what their influence was over time The author ends the work around 1860 This leaves out some of the most interesting philological discoveries, the archaeological finds in Egypt, the search for many of the so called treasures of the Egyptians, but most of all, it leaves out the entire battle if you wish to call it that between science and and established religion, as exemplified in something like Lux Mundi a sort of sequel to Essays Reviews The author does not deal really with science and that is unfortunate because geology it s methods, habits, ways of seeing things was particularly useful in philological discoveries in England and in Italy For this a useful resource is Martin Rudwick Bursting the Limits of Time Worlds Before Adam Chicago University Press An outstanding read.There are two problems with this work from my perspective One is that the author really has attempted, despite his best efforts, a task to big at least for now The disciplines he covers he covers well but there are serious lapses, and areas are left out particularly in the beginnings I think this is understandable considering the growth of the field but the problem is and this is something that all specialists face there are specialized areas that are simply require space This means that Dr Turner faces the problem most researchers face at some time how much detail is enough for each specific field Each of these fields now mentioned has grown so large that their origins cannot be completely covered, except in a cursory manner But as an overview, the book is a real treat The bibliography is very, very extensive and up to date It covers both primary and secondary literature as it would have to, and is a great place to start and an excellent research tool I encourage everyone who has the time and interest to read it along the text You won t be disappointed. This is a great and demanding read It portrays in detail the gradual decline of multi lingual philology and the study and explication of texts Greek, Roman, biblical, historical and the development of individual disciplines and their entombment in university departments The fields of art history, language, religion, literature, history are examined historically from the early 19th into the 20th century An exemplary work of scholarship with occasional jolts of humor, a highly provocative study worthy of much discussion among academics and their administrators.

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