[ Herunterladen ] Bullshit Jobs Autor David Graeber – Paydayloansnsi.co.uk
Penguin Presents The Audiobook Edition Of Bullshit Jobs By David Graeber, Read By Christopher Ragland Be Honest If Your Job Didn T Exist, Would Anybody Miss It Have You Ever Wondered Why Not Up To % Of Us Secretly Believe Our Jobs Probably Aren T Necessary In Other Words They Are Bullshit Jobs This Audiobook Shows Why, And What We Can Do About It In The Early Th Century, People Prophesied That Technology Would See Us All Working Hour Weeks And Driving Flying Cars Instead, Something Curious Happened Not Only Have The Flying Cars Not Materialised, But Average Working Hours Have Increased Rather Than Decreased And Now, Across The Developed World, Three Quarters Of All Jobs Are In Services, Finance Or Admin Jobs That Don T Seem To Contribute Anything To Society In Bullshit Jobs, David Graeber Explores How This Phenomenon One Associated With The Soviet Union, But Which Capitalism Was Supposed To Eliminate Has Happened In Doing So, He Looks At How, Rather Than Producing Anything, Work Has Become An End In Itself The Way Such Work Maintains The Current Broken System Of Finance Capital And, Finally, How We Can Get Out Of It This Audiobook Is For Anyone Whose Heart Has Sunk At The Sight Of A Whiteboard, Who Believes Workshops Should Only Be For Making Things, Or Who Just Suspects That There Might Be A Better Way To Run Our World This review was written at the desk of a salaried office job, where I am paid 65,000 yr to do virtually nothing important, so I mostly sit in my chair and listen to podcasts and audiobooks all day I do this until enough executives and managers above me are gone that I can feel comfortable sneaking out With my income from this sit, I then outsource all my chores to a slew of below living wage 21st Century gig economy employees Uber drivers, food delivery, meal kits, laundry.Having been one of these low paid wage laborers several years ago, it seems like a cruel joke The higher paying job I find, the less I actually have to work The higher ranking the position, the less the job is about doing things and contributing to society.Is this a blessing or immoral sin Yes But it turns out, I m not alone.This is an entertaining book of anecdotes and statistics on what turns out to be a common phenomena It is one of the most refreshing reads that a college educated conscious working professional can have in their library Put down every other garbage business book that supposedly empowers you You don t need to practice mindfulness, or rules for life, or launch a lean startup Breathe in and breathe out, your job is unnecessary and so are most of the other jobs Admitting this is the first step of us all solving the collective problem. Gutes Buch Spannende Ideen und gut recherchiert Allerdings sehr kontrover. The author starts the book with the ambitious argument that a 20 hour work week would be possible if we were to eliminate all the BS jobs He writes about some data that about 40% of people mentioning that they have BS job but then he goes on to share some anecdotes from people who work as doormen, receptionist, promoter etc and nothing from the most common jobs, such as teachers, nurses, engineers and so on I fail to see the connection between getting rid of some unnecessary administrative job in a school and the teachers having to work less.His criticisms seem to be mostly against the foundations of the system, not against the way the system operates Through a utopic lens, the author believes that somehow an organization reducing costs by eliminating the unnecessary jobs would then go on to employ productive employees and reduce the total work hours The book felt like a poorly written Marxist critic of the evil capitalist system.Maybe if you feel like you are working in a BS job , you could get some cathartic joy from reading the book Otherwise, a complete waste of time. I love how an obscure magazine asked an internationally recognized scholar to submit what he believed no one else would publish and how that essay went instantly viral and eventually became what may be the author s top bestseller.I work in real estate I m of the opinion that realtors serve a useful purpose in our society, but only because of how the property laws are written This book, along with Debt The First 5000 Years, convinces me that within the constraints of US property law, which are outdated and unnatural, all real estate professionals exist as duct tapers BS job 3 performing a job that only needs to get done because the system is set up in a flawed way that requires it My proof what other societies need realtors The ones where American property laws are forced on people I recognize that American property law stems from English common law which depended on Roman legal systems This book is brilliant It may literally save hundreds if not thousands of lives from suicide and other forms of self destruction, especially if employers take much of its message to heart, implementing remedies along the way I know I will keep several copies on the shelf at work, sharing them with anyone who expresses interest I can only hope this book fuels a revolution against all kinds of wage labor, and that the dignity of work can be taken back from the people who use work just as a means to further their own exploitative, unexamined, or sadistic ends. John Maynard Keynes had great confidence that capitalism will improve not only the wealth but also the well being of all in society One of the specific predictions he made that, sadly, did not come true, was that by the end of the twentieth century, the major Western societies would have achieved the fifteen hour work week because technology would have alleviated hitherto long menial hours Why has that not happened and instead employees are working longer and longer hours Graeber blames the creation of what he calls BS jobs I had to shortened the word to pass censorship rules and the BSization of proper jobs Graeber s defines a BS job as a form of paid employment that is so completely pointless, unnecessary, or pernicious that even the employee cannot justify its existence even though, as part of the conditions of employment, the employee feels obliged to pretend that this is not the case He also says that Hell is a collection of individuals who are spending the bulk of their time working on a task they don t like and are not particularly good at He provides plenty of examples, cabinetmakers compelled to fry fish is one of them There is the story of a corporate lawyer who went on to become a happy singer in an indie rock band when he became disillusioned with his job as a corporate lawyer He had taken the default choice of many directionless folk law school but has found his job as a lawyer to be utterly meaningless, contributed nothing to the world, and, in his own estimation, should not really exist Some such BS jobs are so pointless that no one notices even if the employee vanishes One case involved a Spanish civil servant who skipped work for six years to study philosophy and became an expert in Spinoza before he was found out In another case, an employee had been sitting at his desk, dead for four days before his colleagues realised that he had died BS jobs can also be defined by the scope of work People who are employed in jobs that exist primarily to make someone else look or feel important are known as flunkies Doormen are examples in this category There are also goons who exist only because people employ them soldiers, for example and duct tapers who are employed to help one part of an organisation communicate with another in the same organisation In addition to financial consultancy, middle management is where one might find BS jobs aplenty A sign that you have a job like this is when you are designated to provide strategic leadership This is what Graeber has to say in middle management in academia Now, those of us toiling in the academic mills who still like to think of ourselves as teachers and scholars before all else have come to fear the word strategic Strategic statement or even worse, strategic vision documents instil a particular terror, since these are the primary means by which corporate management techniques setting up quantifiable methods for assessing performance, forcing teachers and scholars to spend and of their time assessing and justifying what they do and less and less time actually doing it are insinuated into academic life Graeber interviewed employees from various sectors From one he quoted, in banking, obviously the entire sector adds no value and is therefore BS Then there is the Human Resources Department that sets up intranet and instruct employees to make it into a kind of internal community , like Facebook They set it up nobody uses it So they then started to try and bully everyone into using it Then they tried to entice people in by having HR post a load of touchy feely crap or people writing internal blogs that nobody cared about Graeber argues that the rise of such jobs was not due to economic factors but political and moral ones He discusses how jobs can truly have value, and how exactly can value be measured What is clear that we must resist The pressure to value ourselves and others on the basis of how hard we work at something we d rather not be doing if you re not destroying your mind and body via paid work you re not living right The last part of the book is devoted to answering the question, How have so many humans reached the point where they accept that even miserable, unnecessary work is actually superior to no work at all From there Graeber discusses the modern culture of managerial feudalism and the resentment it generates, yet is itself oblivious to it If Graeber is right that this is not an economic problem but a political and moral one, then the solution cannot be economic either Unfortunately, Graeber is loath to make policy recommendations That keeps us then, in utter suspense unless workers revolt. The original essay upon which this is based really said it all, and the book seems like an unnecessary and somewhat forced elaboration I don t recommend it. This is one of those books that will change your outlook on life for the rest of your days and you ll be happy you did it Let the revolution begin Ungef hr die H lfte des Buches beschreibt das Ph nomen von sinnlosen Jobs Ja, die gibt esauch in Deutschland Einiges ber solche Jobs ist bereits von Dilbert bekannt.David Graeber geht jedoch weiter und bietet eine gewisse Systematisierung.Was die Ursachen und Handlungsempfehlungen angeht, bin ich nicht immer von denErkl rungen des Autors berzeugt David Graeber versucht m glichst komplizierteTheorien zu entwickeln, wo eine profane und einfache Erkl rung reichen w rde.Erg nzung Viele Rezensenten hier und auf bem ngeln, dass das Buch wenig an Beweisen bietet.Zuerst einmal Es ist keine wissenschaftliche Abhandlung Das Buch ist schon polemisch geschrieben Das Buch ist auch nicht in einem wissenschaftlichen Verlag erschienen Wer eine stringente wissenschaftliche Arbeit lesen m chte, braucht dieses Buch nicht zu kaufen.Zweitens ist das Buch selbstverst ndlich auch ein Angriff auf die vorherrschende Volkswirtschaftslehre, die immer noch von effizienten M rkten spricht Wer sich da herausgefordert und angegriffen f llt, wird immer mehr Beweise fordern.