[ download books ] A Little Matter of Genocide: Holocaust & Denial in the Americas 1492 to the Present Author Ward Churchill – Paydayloansnsi.co.uk

A Little Matter of Genocide: Holocaust & Denial in the Americas 1492 to the Present Ward Churchill has achieved an unparalleled reputation as a scholar activist and analyst of indigenous issues in North America Here, he explores the history of holocaust and denial in this hemisphere, beginning with the arrival of Columbus and continuing on into the presentHe frames the matter by examining both revisionist denial of the nazi perpatrated Holocaust and the opposing claim of its exclusive uniqueness, using the full scope of what happened in Europe as a backdrop against which to demonstrate that genocide is precisely what has been and still is carried out against the American IndiansChurchill lays bare the means by which many of these realities have remained hidden, how public understanding of this most monstrous of crimes has been subverted not only by its perpetrators and their beneficiaries but by the institutions and individuals who perceive advantages in the confusion In particular, he outlines the reasons underlying the United States syear refusal to ratify the Genocide Convention, as well as the implications of the attempt to exempt itself from compliance when it finally offered its endorsement In conclusion, Churchill proposes a adequate and coherent definition of the crime as a basis for identifying, punishing, and preventing genocidal practices, wherever and whenever they occur Ward Churchill opens the X Files of American history to examine the phenomenon of genocide in eight essays Susan A Miller, University of Nebraska Lincoln Churchill relates the history of genocide and the struggle for a definition of the term sufficiently accurate and comprehensive, to prevent the watering down of the concept, and to cut through the misleading rhetoric which now obfuscates debate, thereby permitting this and other genocides to continue A Clare Brandabur, Purdue University Churchill paints the whole picture here from Columbus onwards, the major and significant struggles between an ignorant but brutal Conquistadores and the all too vulnerable American Tribes are analysed in a context of deliberate genocide In terms of effectiveness, it surpasses the holocaust delivered upon European Jewry by the Nazi s SchnewsWard Churchill enrolled Keetoowah Cherokee is Professor of American Indian Studies with the Department of Ethnic Studies at the University of Colorado Boulder A member of the American Indian Movement since , he has been a leader of the Colorado chapter for the past fifteen years Among his previous books have been Fantasies of a Master Race, Struggle for the Land, Since Predator Came, and From a Native Son Should be taught to every college freshman, if not in high school civics. I first heard of Ward Churchill sometime after the September 11, 2001 attack on the World Trade Center by al Qaeda Churchill, then a professor of Native American studies at the University of Colorado, had called the victims little Eichmanns far from innocent, they actually deserved to die.Here is the excerpt from his essay accusing the World Trade Center victims of being ignorant of their participation in the evils of U.S foreign policy because they were too busy braying, incessantly an I first heard of Ward Churchill sometime after the September 11, 2001 attack on the World Trade Center by al Qaeda Churchill, then a professor of Native American studies at the University of Colorado, had called the victims little Eichmanns far from innocent, they actually deserved to die.Here is the excerpt from his essay accusing the World Trade Center victims of being ignorant of their participation in the evils of U.S foreign policy because they were too busy braying, incessantly and self importantly, into their cell phones, arranging power lunches and stock transactions, each of which translated, conveniently out of sight, mind and smelling distance, into the starved and rotting flesh of infants If there was a better,effective, or in fact any other way of visiting some penalty befitting their participation upon the little Eichmanns inhabiting the sterile sanctuary of the twin towers, I d really be interested in hearing about it Some years later, Churchill was fired from his job The little Eichmanns comment had led toattention and outrage than any of his academic writings, spurring an investigation of academic misconduct in his scholarship In an opinion piece for the New York Times in 2009, Stanley Fish deconstructs the work of the committee appointed to investigate Churchill s body of work It is essential reading Churchill got some things wrong about this or that historical event But his firing was a travesty Had it not been for the little Eichmanns comment, Churchill would have remained a mostly unknown outside of academic circles scholar writing about subjects most Americans show little interest in.So, what about Churchill s work Should I dismiss him entirely because of his ugly comment comparing stock traders to the Nazi architects of genocide First an anecdote About ten years ago Naeem Inayatullah, a political science professor at Ithaca College where I took one of his courses in 1996, met me for lunch in New York City We hadn t seen each other in years but managed to stay in touch Instead of spending the hour or so talking about the exciting things that have happened in our lives personally and professionally in the decade since I graduated, we talked about politics We talked about learning Naeem recommended several books he had recently read about al Qaeda, the Taliban, U.S foreign policy, etc I read them all, and I haven t stopped reading since For years I ve tried to reach an understanding of what it means to be an imperial citizen But I never read Ward Churchill, until now and it was Naeem who planted the seed again Churchill s A Little Matter of Genocide is a compilation of essays buttressed by an enormous scholarly apparatus of footnotes and endnotes Churchill is a force as a writer backing up his polemic against respectable scholarship with prodigious research Let s look past his flaws and engage his arguments Defining genocide is not merely an academic exercise In Churchill s view the prevailing failure to see the destruction of Native Americans by Europeans and their descendants both biologically and culturally as genocide is a moral affront as well as a pathway togenocide It truly matters, in Churchill s view, to understand the difference between mass murder and genocide, and it seems clear to me that Churchill would have little patience with anyone who suggests that it makes no difference to the people who are dying because the end result is the same they are dead, regardless of what scholars call it It should go without saying that to combat and eliminate any sociopolitical phenomenon most especially one bearing the malignantly functional utility of genocide it is first necessary to understand it for what it is p 75 To those who now move in the opposite direction, seeking for whatever stupid and misguided reasons to diminish and confuse understandings of genocide to the point where it can never be abolished, will accrue the kind of revulsion and contempt among future generations which are now reserved now for the likes of the nazis and their apologists p 437What is genocide The term was coined by Raphael Lemkin in 1944 Churchill cites Lemkin chapter and verse, and then carefully explains the definitional erosion that followed the conclusion of the Nuremberg Trial Lemkin s broader definition of genocide was institutionalized with the unanimous passage of U.N General Assembly Resolution 96 I in 1946 the denial of the right of existence of entire human groups Many instances of such crimes of genocide have occurred, when racial religious, political, and other groups have been destroyed, entirely or in part emphasis mine In 1948, the United Nations approved the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide This convention establishes genocide as an international crime, which signatory nations undertake to prevent and punish It defined genocide as Genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such a Killing members of the group b Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group c Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part d Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group e Forcibly transferring children of the group to another groupUpon first reading, there may seem to be nothing objectionable about the Convention s definition But Churchill argues the inclusion of the word intent makes all the difference He also blames the U.S and U.S.S.R for watering down Lemkin s criteria by successfully working to exclude linguistic groups and cultural genocide prohibition of the use of national language, exile i.e mass expulsion , prohibition of the use of the national language, destruction of books, monuments, and objects of historical, artistic, or religious value from the final definition The committee s insertion of the word intent was also extremely problematic insofar as it established a predicating requirement for any entity seeking to actually press charges of genocide against another which, on its face, would be virtually impossible to prove p 412Powerful governments sought to exonerate themselves, in advance, for crimes they would commit in the future, in Churchill s view a number of governments had quickly begun to backslide into their prewar postures Having made grand statements on law and morality against the Nazis, they were having second thoughts about the broader implications of such pronouncements and were busily contriving to protect their own rights to engage in variations on the same genocidal themes as the leaders of the Third Reich p 410 The results are in The past half century has seen many genocides accompanied by a denial of all genocides except one the Holocaust perpetrated by the Nazis during World War II This is where Churchill fires repeated broadsides at whom he derisively refers to as respectable scholars To wit Historians who insist on Jewish exclusivism the Holocaust stands as a unique event against which all other alleged genocides must be measured are engaging in the same denial as neo Nazis who say the Holocaust never happened Really What a cheap shot But Churchill says this is no honest debate among scholars He accuses his opponents of dishonesty The most important essay in this book covers 160 pages, titled The Extermination of North American Indians, 1607 1996 Churchill cites episode after bloody episode of massacres, one sided wars, disease epidemics deliberately spread by Europeans among Indians, famines, forced marches, internments, and the wholesale theft of land, etc., etc He cites the writings of the European settlers, then American leaders, to prove they sought to extirpate entire groups of people In Churchill s telling, the Indians largely come off as helpless, defenseless victims with no agency of their own His is not a nuanced study of the tragic history between white settlers and Indian tribes Still, it is effective Whether one agrees with Churchill s thesis or not, there is no denying the cruelty, murder, and thievery inflicted upon the Indian tribes by thepowerful European settlers, then by the U.S government We are here today because those people are no longer here There could be no United States as we know it today without this indelible mark on our history The extermination of Indians and enslavement of Africans are two pillars of the greatest nation on earth.Was it genocide I opened this book doubting that But now, having engaged Churchill s arguments, I lean toward his position, and theI think about it theI am convinced There are a lot of things you can do with this book You can ignore it entirely You can throw it against the wall while reading it You can loathe the author for his little Eichmanns slur My suggestion is to read it with an open mind, and allow yourself to come to terms with our own nation s culpability in the malignantly functional utility of genocide One of the most powerful, challenging, well documented, lucid and kick ass books I ve read If you think you know American History, and haven t read this book, you re only looking at the tip of the atrocity iceberg. What a hoot I found this thing in the dollar bin at a local bookseller, and wondering what all the fuss was about the scandal that would eventually get him prised from his appointment in one of those trans disciplinary back waters I picked it up I can t honestly say that I read it from cover to cover, since it was clear after about 25 pages that I d just wasted a buck, but skimming was enough to get the gist, which is that Churchill is stunningly ignorant concerning the European conquest o What a hoot I found this thing in the dollar bin at a local bookseller, and wondering what all the fuss was about the scandal that would eventually get him prised from his appointment in one of those trans disciplinary back waters I picked it up I can t honestly say that I read it from cover to cover, since it was clear after about 25 pages that I d just wasted a buck, but skimming was enough to get the gist, which is that Churchill is stunningly ignorant concerning the European conquest of the Americas, andgenerally, about human history and human nature To cite but two examples Thirty years ago it was generally thought that 70 85% of the then inhabitants of the Americas were wiped out by European diseases introduced by the early explorers, well in advance of the main pulses of European immigration but evidence continued to accumulate, especially on the mound builder cultures, and today that figure has been pushed to 90 95% This was undoubtedly one of the greatest tragedies in human history, but it was not genocide Subsequent warfare was piddling by comparison, and also not genocide in cold, historical fact, America was the first nation in humankind s bloody history of conquest to not impose History s sentence of genocide on a conquered people note that cultural genocide sometimes took the form of slavery dispersal, but the end result was the same the culture was obliterated The Jews are the only people in history to successfully resist this.And then there are Churchill s jocose notions about the putative easy going ness of the Native Americans concerning race i.e., The Lost Colony of Roanoke If we were to lead Churchill to some accounts of, say, the treatment of the Hurons by the Iroquois Confederacy and vice versa , or the extirpation of scores of cultures in the wake of the southward migration of the Athabascans, from present day southern Canada all the way to present day Mexico, would he read them Would he gradually comprehend that racism oraccurately, culturalism , far from being an aberration and inhuman, is in fact one of the most distinctive of human traits, and that the names indigenous peoples the world over give to themselves invariably mean The People or The True People, with everyone else relegated to highly advanced proto human status, and therefore, fair game Nah CU s former token pseudo native american plagiarist poseur has his rusty, raggedy edged axe to grind It refuses to hold an edge, and so he just keeps grinding grinding.It would have been nice had his life line crossed that of the late John Greenway, whom Churchill quoted out of context What fun it would have been to see CU s wild man anthropologist folklorist polymath make a meal of him This collection of essays is an invaluable documentation of the disturbing lengths to which we will go to deny histories of systematic extermination, most notably the protracted genocide of American Indians As he diligently contextualizes Columbus, the history of the term genocide and Nazi Holocaust denial and Jewish exclusivism, churchill argues the multiple ways in which the analogy between what is now the big H Holocaust and the American holocaust is sound, and vital to understand the seve This collection of essays is an invaluable documentation of the disturbing lengths to which we will go to deny histories of systematic extermination, most notably the protracted genocide of American Indians As he diligently contextualizes Columbus, the history of the term genocide and Nazi Holocaust denial and Jewish exclusivism, churchill argues the multiple ways in which the analogy between what is now the big H Holocaust and the American holocaust is sound, and vital to understand the severity of unexplored iterations His later essays pick up on this theme to show how the obfuscation of the term genocide after its conception in 1944 wasthan a little politically suspect, revealing the duplicity of the grand moral condemnation that immediately followed WWII and culminated in Nuremberg The US, as always, made the matter of juridical enforcement of the criminality of genocide impossible For nearly half a century the US evaded signing onto the UN s Genocide Convention, and futzed around with definitions until the potential import was reduced to a mere whimper of its previous incarnation which in Raphael Lemeke s original definition of genocide included cultural, not only physical and biological genocide The effect of the US s maneuvering was to near globally render the application the convention moot, conveniently protecting themselves from confrontation of a history of genocidal crimes, and the extremely watered down and domesticated version signed in 1989 served to siphon of the benefits of such a humanitarian gesture without putting their supposed sovereignty at risk Churchill deftly exposes all of this but still, the argument for the effectiveness of such an international law, based off of the original rigorous definition, remains confusing for me I tend to agree with theorists who argue that belief in law s validity and Truth requires the repression of its contingency and, hence, the violence that founds law becomes the positive condition of its functioning, but Churchill doesn t seem to need to confront this, leaving law conceptualized as something relatively unproblematic in itself for him although it unfortunately usually upholds the status quo it nevertheless retains some pure possibility for justice Rather then condemning Churchill for this, I d prefer to focus on how he uses law to engage in immanent critique, as he points out that time and time again, according to our own standards, the United States is an entirely illegitimate outlaw entity the systematic violation of treaties is in blatant violation of Article 6th of the constitution, to cite only one instance This is a powerful move that can only be ignored with active evasion and, in the case of Churchill, attempts at eliminating the bearer of the news.ALso particularly noteworthy was by uncovering documents and providing examples of readily available resources that attest to previous knowledge of the potential effects of the spreading of diseases that began with Columbus s landing and continued into the Cold War policy of radioactive testing on Native American reservation, Churchill convinces that these are directly genocidal acts, and cannot be regarded as unintentional The detail, depth and spirit of his research is incredible, and the footnotes in this book are a real wealth of resources to be mined for the fight That Churchill was fired is an abomination Ward Churchill has achieved an unparalleled reputation as a scholar activist and analyst of indigenous issues in North America Here, he explores the history of holocaust and denial in this hemisphere, beginning with the arrival of Columbus and continuing on into the present.He frames the matter by examining both revisionist denial of the nazi perpatrated Holocaust and the opposing claim of its exclusive uniqueness, using the full scope of what happened in Europe as a backdrop against which Ward Churchill has achieved an unparalleled reputation as a scholar activist and analyst of indigenous issues in North America Here, he explores the history of holocaust and denial in this hemisphere, beginning with the arrival of Columbus and continuing on into the present.He frames the matter by examining both revisionist denial of the nazi perpatrated Holocaust and the opposing claim of its exclusive uniqueness, using the full scope of what happened in Europe as a backdrop against which to demonstrate that genocide is precisely what has been and still is carried out against the American Indians.Churchill lays bare the means by which many of these realities have remained hidden, how public understanding of this most monstrous of crimes has been subverted not only by its perpetrators and their beneficiaries but by the institutions and individuals who perceive advantages in the confusion In particular, he outlines the reasons underlying the United States s 40 year refusal to ratify the Genocide Convention, as well as the implications of the attempt to exempt itself from compliance when it finally offered its endorsement In conclusion, Churchill proposes aadequate and coherent definition of the crime as a basis for identifying, punishing, and preventing genocidal practices, wherever and whenever they occur I ve seen this character on TV and he s a physically huge giant who goes out of his way to bully people, then whine that his free speech has been impeded But look he denies the Holocaust My father was in the out fit that liberated Dachau and he told me eyeball to eyebally that the death camps existed He saw it himself Men, women and little children worked down to skeletons, wearing ragged striped overshirts and baggy pants, degraded and dehumanized My father didthan cry he didn I ve seen this character on TV and he s a physically huge giant who goes out of his way to bully people, then whine that his free speech has been impeded But look he denies the Holocaust My father was in the out fit that liberated Dachau and he told me eyeball to eyebally that the death camps existed He saw it himself Men, women and little children worked down to skeletons, wearing ragged striped overshirts and baggy pants, degraded and dehumanized My father didthan cry he didn t admit it, but I suspect he took part in the atrocity there, where dozens of guards were murdered on the spot by both soldiers and freed inmates, but the larger slaughter of over 400 SS soldiers, whose training area was within the camp I ve known people like Ward Churchhill and they are dangerous beyond the telling of it the one I knew carried a.45 automatic pistol undeer his belt in front, so you could see it Someone blew his head off in 1997 Ward Churchhill in a beg Charles Manson, and you can be sure dozens of pretty little ignorant chicks follow him around and get their twats reamed doggy style for this guy is a dog Genocide is not a word that most people would even consider in relation to American indigenous people That is likely because few give much thought to the history of the western hemisphere from anything but the perspective of discovery and the New World Churchill offers an alternative viewpoint which has created a good deal of controversy within academic discussion, being dismissed outright by some and diminished by others While this book is not an easy read, I would recommend it for bot Genocide is not a word that most people would even consider in relation to American indigenous people That is likely because few give much thought to the history of the western hemisphere from anything but the perspective of discovery and the New World Churchill offers an alternative viewpoint which has created a good deal of controversy within academic discussion, being dismissed outright by some and diminished by others While this book is not an easy read, I would recommend it for both academics and anyone interested in gaining insight into the righteous complaints of Aboriginal people Ward Churchill brings a necessary interpretation of Native American history to the fields of both American Indian studies and U.S history This is an underpraised book, even if awkwardly constructed His writing is heavy, and laden with footnotes, which probably could have been arranged in a way that made the material less cumbersome, but his approach and argument are unique even if vitriolic Specifically, he makes linkeages between topics which are needed but underemployed Broadening the di Ward Churchill brings a necessary interpretation of Native American history to the fields of both American Indian studies and U.S history This is an underpraised book, even if awkwardly constructed His writing is heavy, and laden with footnotes, which probably could have been arranged in a way that made the material less cumbersome, but his approach and argument are unique even if vitriolic Specifically, he makes linkeages between topics which are needed but underemployed Broadening the discourse on Indian removal, and showing analogies to well known cases of ethnic cleansing and genocide, helps to situate Indian history into a discussion on oppression, repression and settler violence, rather than the standard metaphysical clash of civilizations which tends to be the overtone of other bodies of work


About the Author: Ward Churchill

American Indian writer, political activist and former professor of ethnic studies in Colorado at Boulder from 1990 till 2007.Churchill s writings are mostly about the history of the American Indians and what he calls the genocide on the indigenous people of North America.An essay of him where he claimed the 9 11 attacks on the world trade center were a response to America s foreign policy, sparked controversy in 2005


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Subscribe US Now